Since the mid-1980s, Fritz W. Scharpf has been investigating the evolution of the multilevel European polity and its impact on the effectiveness and legitimacy of democratic government in Europe. Community and Autonomy collects in one volume Scharpf´s nearly two decades of research on government in Europe and offers new contributions that focus on the asymmetric impact of European law on the institutions and policy legacies of EU member states and on the implications of these asymmetries for the democratic legitimacy of government at national and European levels. Seit Mitte der 1980er Jahre beobachtet Fritz W. Scharpf die Entwicklung der Effektivität und Legitimität europäischer Mehrebenenpolitik. Zu Beginn der hier versammelten Aufsätze steht die Vermutung, die ´´Politikverflechtungsfalle´´ beschränke generell die Problemlösungsfähigkeit europäischer Politik. Später betont Scharpf die Asymmetrie zwischen wirksamer ´´negativer´´ und schwacher ´´positiver Integration´´. Er benennt aberauch die Bereiche, in denen effektive europäische Politik erwartet werden kann oder ausgeschlossen scheint. Scharpfs Blick richtet sich auf die institutionellen Bedingungen, welche die Rechtsetzung und Politikgestaltung begünstigen und zugleich politisches Handeln auf der europäischen Ebene behindern. Nicht zuletzt betrachtet er die Rückwirkungen des EU-Rechts auf die Institutionen und Politiktraditionen der Mitgliedsstaaten.
Community and Autonomy:Institutions, Policies and Legitimacy in Multilevel Europe Fritz W. Scharpf
Local Government and Community Autonomy in East Boston (Classic Reprint): John Macphee
This study examines the impact of the legalization of an indigenous model of municipal government known as usos y costumbres on the political system of Oaxaca, a predominantly rural state in southern Mexico. Since 1995, 418 of Oaxaca s 570 municipalities, accounting for 36% of the state s population, legally elect their municipal authorities through community assemblies, in which voting is open and public, and the suffrage is limited active participants in the social and political life of the community (typically, able- bodied adult males). Using elite interviews, census data and electoral data, this study examines how the legalization of usos y costumbres has affected citizenship, partisanship, and electoral behaviour in state and local politics in Oaxaca. As Oaxaca is the only Latin American polity that recognizes indigenous municipal autonomy, it provides useful insight into understanding the extent to which indigenous peoples´ demands for greater local autonomy are compatible with democratization in the region. As such, this study may be useful to those interested in indigenous rights, citizenship, multiculturalism and democracy.
Ixtlán and Guelatao, indigenous Zapotec communities in the Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, Mexico, have achieved an important degree of community-based autonomy relying on dialogue at the internal and external level. This book explores the relation between the construction of autonomy and the exercise of intercultural dialogue at the intra-community, inter-community and external levels through the analysis of three main themes. First, the categorisation of their inhabitants to define their rights and responsibilities within the internal socio-political structures. Second, the re-appropriation of their territories and natural resources and organisation around the figure of the comunidad agraria. Finally, the relation between communities within the municipality of Ixtlán on issues such as allocation of federal funds and usos y costumbres ruling their interactions; and the political and ideological influence of outsiders on the municipal balance of power. This research should be useful to social scientists, students, activists, politicians, indigenous organisations and communities who are trying to understand experiencies of de facto indigenous autonomy through intercultural dialogue.
Autonomy, relatedness and ethics:Perspectives from researchers, community members and community representatives Pinky Zibuyile Majola
Autonomy: Theory and Implementation:The Basque Autonomous Community in Spain and the Kurdish Question in Turkey Nurullah Cihan Agbay
Approximately 2.4 million Black youth participate in after-school programs, which offer a range of support, including academic tutoring, college preparation, political identity development, cultural and emotional support, and even a space to develop strategies and tools for organizing and activism. In Reclaiming Community , Bianca Baldridge tells the story of one such community-based program, Educational Excellence (EE), shining a light on both the invaluable role youth workers play in these spaces, and the precarious context in which such programs now exist. Drawing on rich ethnographic data, Baldridge persuasively argues that the story of EE is representative of a much larger and understudied phenomenon. With the spread of neoliberal ideology and its reliance on racism?marked by individualism, market competition, and privatization?these bastions of community support are losing the autonomy that has allowed them to embolden the minds of the youth they serve. Baldridge captures the stories of loss and resistance within this context of immense external political pressure, arguing powerfully for the damage caused when the same structural violence that Black youth experience in school, starts to occur in the places they go to escape it.
Women´s Autonomy and Its Influence on Health Care Utilization in Nepal:A Community Based Empirical Study Tulsi Ram Bhandari
Community-based Organizations In Mexico:Bureaucracy, autonomy and power (1995-1998) David Arellano-Gault