Since the mid-1980s, Fritz W. Scharpf has been investigating the evolution of the multilevel European polity and its impact on the effectiveness and legitimacy of democratic government in Europe. Community and Autonomy collects in one volume Scharpf´s nearly two decades of research on government in Europe and offers new contributions that focus on the asymmetric impact of European law on the institutions and policy legacies of EU member states and on the implications of these asymmetries for the democratic legitimacy of government at national and European levels. Seit Mitte der 1980er Jahre beobachtet Fritz W. Scharpf die Entwicklung der Effektivität und Legitimität europäischer Mehrebenenpolitik. Zu Beginn der hier versammelten Aufsätze steht die Vermutung, die ´´Politikverflechtungsfalle´´ beschränke generell die Problemlösungsfähigkeit europäischer Politik. Später betont Scharpf die Asymmetrie zwischen wirksamer ´´negativer´´ und schwacher ´´positiver Integration´´. Er benennt aberauch die Bereiche, in denen effektive europäische Politik erwartet werden kann oder ausgeschlossen scheint. Scharpfs Blick richtet sich auf die institutionellen Bedingungen, welche die Rechtsetzung und Politikgestaltung begünstigen und zugleich politisches Handeln auf der europäischen Ebene behindern. Nicht zuletzt betrachtet er die Rückwirkungen des EU-Rechts auf die Institutionen und Politiktraditionen der Mitgliedsstaaten.
Community and Autonomy:Institutions, Policies and Legitimacy in Multilevel Europe Schriften aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung Fritz W. Scharpf
Local Government and Community Autonomy in East Boston (Classic Reprint): John Macphee
This study examines the impact of the legalization of an indigenous model of municipal government known as usos y costumbres on the political system of Oaxaca, a predominantly rural state in southern Mexico. Since 1995, 418 of Oaxaca s 570 municipalities, accounting for 36% of the state s population, legally elect their municipal authorities through community assemblies, in which voting is open and public, and the suffrage is limited active participants in the social and political life of the community (typically, able- bodied adult males). Using elite interviews, census data and electoral data, this study examines how the legalization of usos y costumbres has affected citizenship, partisanship, and electoral behaviour in state and local politics in Oaxaca. As Oaxaca is the only Latin American polity that recognizes indigenous municipal autonomy, it provides useful insight into understanding the extent to which indigenous peoples´ demands for greater local autonomy are compatible with democratization in the region. As such, this study may be useful to those interested in indigenous rights, citizenship, multiculturalism and democracy.
Ixtlán and Guelatao, indigenous Zapotec communities in the Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, Mexico, have achieved an important degree of community-based autonomy relying on dialogue at the internal and external level. This book explores the relation between the construction of autonomy and the exercise of intercultural dialogue at the intra-community, inter-community and external levels through the analysis of three main themes. First, the categorisation of their inhabitants to define their rights and responsibilities within the internal socio-political structures. Second, the re-appropriation of their territories and natural resources and organisation around the figure of the comunidad agraria. Finally, the relation between communities within the municipality of Ixtlán on issues such as allocation of federal funds and usos y costumbres ruling their interactions; and the political and ideological influence of outsiders on the municipal balance of power. This research should be useful to social scientists, students, activists, politicians, indigenous organisations and communities who are trying to understand experiencies of de facto indigenous autonomy through intercultural dialogue.
Autonomy, relatedness and ethics:Perspectives from researchers, community members and community representatives Pinky Zibuyile Majola
Autonomy: Theory and Implementation:The Basque Autonomous Community in Spain and the Kurdish Question in Turkey Nurullah Cihan Agbay
Women´s Autonomy and Its Influence on Health Care Utilization in Nepal:A Community Based Empirical Study Tulsi Ram Bhandari
This book provides an overview of recent advances in Integrated Community-Managed Development (ICMD) as an innovative strategy for the community-based development of local institutions in order to achieve lasting poverty reduction and empowerment. The original approach presented here to improving the lives and livelihoods of the poor takes a critical stance on the failing concept of conventional community development, as it is based on the shifting paradigm of ´bottom-up´ cooperation and development, where recent regional autonomy policies are enabling national services to successfully integrate with local institutions at the community level. Based on recent experiences in South-East Asia, where the implementation of an alternative approach to integrating financial, medical, educational, communication and socio-cultural services has led to increased community participation and impressive poverty reduction, the book highlights the theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of this innovative strategy. The potential offered by applying the newly developed ´ICMD formula´ worldwide as a function of themes, principles and services is reflected in the book´s diverse range of contributions, written by respected researchers and practitioners in the fields of development economics and financial management.
Community-based Organizations In Mexico:Bureaucracy, autonomy and power (1995-1998) David Arellano-Gault