Since the mid-1980s, Fritz W. Scharpf has been investigating the evolution of the multilevel European polity and its impact on the effectiveness and legitimacy of democratic government in Europe. Community and Autonomy collects in one volume Scharpf´s nearly two decades of research on government in Europe and offers new contributions that focus on the asymmetric impact of European law on the institutions and policy legacies of EU member states and on the implications of these asymmetries for the democratic legitimacy of government at national and European levels. Seit Mitte der 1980er Jahre beobachtet Fritz W. Scharpf die Entwicklung der Effektivität und Legitimität europäischer Mehrebenenpolitik. Zu Beginn der hier versammelten Aufsätze steht die Vermutung, die ´´Politikverflechtungsfalle´´ beschränke generell die Problemlösungsfähigkeit europäischer Politik. Später betont Scharpf die Asymmetrie zwischen wirksamer ´´negativer´´ und schwacher ´´positiver Integration´´. Er benennt aberauch die Bereiche, in denen effektive europäische Politik erwartet werden kann oder ausgeschlossen scheint. Scharpfs Blick richtet sich auf die institutionellen Bedingungen, welche die Rechtsetzung und Politikgestaltung begünstigen und zugleich politisches Handeln auf der europäischen Ebene behindern. Nicht zuletzt betrachtet er die Rückwirkungen des EU-Rechts auf die Institutionen und Politiktraditionen der Mitgliedsstaaten.
Community and Autonomy:Institutions, Policies and Legitimacy in Multilevel Europe Fritz W. Scharpf
Debates continue to rage over the merits or flaws of public land and whether or not it should be privatized - or at least radically reconfigured in some way. In Defense of Public Lands offers a comprehensive refutation of the market-oriented arguments. Steven Davis passionately advocates that public land ought to remain firmly in the public’s hands. He reviews empirical data and theoretical arguments from biological, economic, and political perspectives in order to build a case for why our public lands are an invaluable and irreplaceable asset for the American people. In Defense of Public Lands briefly lays out the history and characteristics of public lands at the local, state, and federal levels while examining the numerous policy prescriptions for their privatization or, in the case of federal lands, transfer. He considers the dimensions of environmental health, markets, and valuation of public land, the tensions between collective values and individual preferences, the nature and performance of bureaucratic management, and the legitimacy of interest groups and community decision-making. Offering a fair, good faith overview of the privatizers´ best arguments before refuting them, this timely book contemplates both the immediate and long-term future of our public lands. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Marlin May. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/151456/bk_acx0_151456_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Collaborative policy making has been commonly discussed as a method for increasing community involvement and creating social capital. It has also been speculated upon as a method for instilling community and social values in the public policy making process. This thesis examines whether participants in various participatory policy making processes for cleaning up environmental hazards have greater trust in both the process, the government, and in their fellow participants as a result of having access and participatory input into the decisions that affect their communities, their environments and their economic situations. Four participatory forums dealing with watershed hazard remediations were both surveyed and interviewed in an attempt to discover participant s perceptions of trust and legitimacy as they related to the groups, the processes, and to the government agencies and actors involved.
Written by one of the world’s most distinguished historians of psychiatry, Psychiatry and Its Discontents provides a wide-ranging and critical perspective on the profession that dominates the treatment of mental illness. Andrew Scull traces the rise of the field, the midcentury hegemony of psychoanalytic methods, and the paradigm’s decline with the ascendance of biological and pharmaceutical approaches to mental illness. The book’s historical sweep is broad, ranging from the age of the asylum to the rise of psychopharmacology and the dubious triumphs of “community care.” The essays in Psychiatry and Its Discontents provide a vivid and compelling portrait of the recurring crises of legitimacy experienced by “mad-doctors;” as psychiatrists were once called, and illustrates the impact of psychiatry’s ideas and interventions on the lives of those afflicted with mental illness.